Interesting facts about Mercury planet

Interesting facts about Mercury planet

Here is most interesting and amazing facts about mercury planet. Let's go through this.. 

On landing at Mercury, it looks exactly like our moon but we could not land here because its temperature during the daytime is 430 Celsius and at night it falls to -180 Celsius.

A lot was known about the planet Mercury through Mariner 10, but this data was not enough to reach Mercury.

For this reason, a ship named "Messenger" was sent on 3 August 2004. This was the first mission to send Mercury to the planet. On 18 March 2011, the Messenger spacecraft successfully landed on the planet Mercury and by 2012, its purpose was fulfilled.

Then on 30 April 2015, this mission was terminated by hitting this space with Mercury. With the help of Messenger Space Ship, we got information about 90% parts of Mercury.

In this mission, AC information was received from which scientists were shocked. Nasha found out that the core of Mercury is much larger than its size, it was a strange thing because such a small planet could not have such a large core.

That's why scientists speculated that Mercury will be the first big planet, but due to a collision with another body, most of its part will be destroyed.

On 20 Oct 2018, ESA (European Space Agency) and Jaxa (Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency) teamed up with the spacecraft named "Bepi Colombio" for Mercury. This space craft will reach Mercury planet by 2025 and start its work and more information about it will be achieved.

Mercury is the smallest of all eight planets. Its rotation period is 88 days. It is the hottest planet after Venus. Its environment is unstable. So far 2 space ships - Marine 10 in 1974 and Messenger vehicle in 1975 AD have been sent to the planet Mercury.

A map of 45% of the planet Mercury has been made. It has no moon (satellite). Mercury is made up of 70% metal and 30% silicate material. It is also called "sunrise star" and "sunset star".

mercury planet information 

Diameter: 4879 km

Moon: None

Time taken to orbit the Sun (orbit period): 88 days

Surface Temperature: 450 to -176 ° C

Mass (Weight): 3285 Crore Crore

Facts about Mercury Planet

  • Mercury planet has no moon (satellite). Its gravitational force is very low.

  • Mercury was discovered 5000 years ago by the people of Sumerian civilization.

  • To see Mercury from Earth, one has to look with naked eyes. This can be seen just before sunrise and just after sunset.

  • Among the five planets, Mercury is also a planet that we can see with naked eyes. We can also see Jupiter Venus Saturn Mars by standing naked on the surface of the earth.

  • Large differences are found in the day and night temperatures of the planet Mercury. Its daytime temperature reaches 450 ° C while nighttime temperature reaches 0 to -176 ° C.

  • The surface of the planet Mercury is rough. It also has many craters (huge pits). The pits found on the surface of the Buddha are several kilometers long and up to 3 kilometers deep.

  • Mercury is the highest density planet after Earth. The density of the Earth is 5.43 gm / cm³, while the density of Mercury is 5.51gm / cm³.

  • Mercury is 26 times smaller than the Earth. Scientists believe that like the center of the Earth, the center of the planet Mercury is made of iron. Its iron center will be larger than the iron center of the earth.

  • Mercury is smaller than Jupiter's satellite Ganymede and Saturn's satellite Titan.

  • Mercury is called Mercury in English. It is also the name of a Roman deity. There is no clear evidence about who discovered the planet Mercury.

  • The first scientist to see the planet Mercury with the help of binoculars was the great scientist Galileo Galilei.

  • The distance of Mercury from the Sun is 57.91 million kilometers.

  • Mercury revolves around the Sun at the fastest speed as compared to the other seven planets. It travels 47.362 kilometers in a second while the Earth's speed is 29.78 kilometers per second.

  • The surface of the planet Mercury is 3 times thicker than the surface of the Earth.

  • Mercury is the second hottest planet in the solar system even after being closest to the Sun. Venus in the first place is the planet which is the hottest.

  • The 1 year of Mercury (the time taken to orbit the Sun) is 88 days.

  • One day of Mercury (the time of rotation on the axis) is equal to 59 days of Earth. A solar day of Mercury (time from sunrise to sunset again) is equal to 176 days of Earth.

  • The Mercury planet has 3 days in 2 years, that is, the time it takes the Buddha planet to revolve the Sun twice, the same time I revolve on its axis three times.

  • The planet Mercury orbits the Sun on the elliptical path. Its nearest distance from the Sun is 24 million kilometers and the maximum distance is 7 crore kilometers while orbiting it. The nearest point is called Perihelion and the farthest point is called Aphelion.

  • Weight decreases on the planet Mercury. If a person weighs 100 kg on Earth, his weight on the planet Mercury will be 38 kg.

  • Mercury planet's environment is unstable. It has no atmosphere. There is no special layer of atmosphere. The substances and atoms that come close to the planet Mercury are heated and destroyed.

  • On the surface of the planet Mercury is the Caloriz Valley with a diameter of 1300 kilometers. It resembles the Moon Valley of Maria. Scientists believe that this valley formed due to the collision of a comet. There are also some flat plateaus on the planet Mercury which have been formed due to volcanoes.

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