Jama Masjid Delhi – History and Architecture

Jama Masjid Delhi – History and Architecture

Jama Masjid Delhi – History and ArchitectureIn fact, Jama Masjid is in many ways different from other mosques! His identity is not obedient to anyone.

Even after centuries, it is celebrating the golden period of the Mughal Sultanate with its pride and pride. The architecture of the Mughalia Sultanate is built in its walls. It is so big that around 25 thousand people can perform Namaz in it simultaneously.

But its specialty is not so full. Its history is much richer than this.

It is said that a king dreamed to build the highest court of Allah and that dream became the Jama Masjid of Delhi!

So let's turn the pages of history and try to read the story of its creation once again.

High throne from Emperor Shah Jahan

Jama Masjid

The dream of Jama Masjid was seen by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan.

The dream of such a mosque, in which the prayer is such that after seeing it, God will be awakened in his mind to make a ban. Not only this, Shah Jahan wanted that the court of God should be higher than his court. So high that the floor of God's house is above his throne.

For this, they were looking for some place in front of the Red Fort. His search was completed on a hill named Bhojla, right in front of the Red Fort. This small hill was chosen to be a mosque. It was right in front of Shah Jahan's court.

Further, its work was started under Shah Jahan's dream.

5000 workers carved day and night

The construction of the mosque began on 6 October 1650. The floor plan of the mosque was built on the lines of Jama Masjid located in Agra. It was much bigger than that. This mosque, 80 meters long and 27 meters wide, was carved by 5000 workers day and night for six years.

It killed every single stone in it. It brightened every dome of it. 41 feet high minarets were built on both sides. Three domes were built in this mosque. Its floor was made of black and white ornate marble, so that it looked like a Muslim prayer mat!

Apart from this, wide black borders were also made for those who pray on the floor of the mosque. A total of 899 such boxes were made here. This stately building was built with the help of thousands of tons of stone.

Around one million was spent in making it.


Jama Masjid Delhi

Previously, it was named 'Masjid e Jahanuma', which means the mosque overlooking the whole world. Due to its large size, a lot of people started gathering here. With this, people started calling it Jami Masjid.

The name here later became the Juma Masjid, that is, where the prayer is held. With time, 'Masjid-e-Jahanuma' became known as Jama Masjid.

Let us tell you that during the period when this mosque was built, Mughal architecture was at its peak. It was at this time that many of the best buildings of Islamic architecture were seen. Since, Shah Jahan had a dream that he would make the most beautiful city in the world in India during his reign. For this, Shah Jahan established Shahjahanabad, which is currently known as Old Delhi.

Jama Masjid was built in this city, which became a great example of the richness of Mughal art. Hindu and Jain architecture was also left in the carvings of the mosque. The Jama Masjid is believed to be Shah Jahan's last extra expensive architecture.

Not only this, it was the last architectural work of the Mughal ruler Shah Jahan, after this he did not get any artistic building constructed.

Special Imam for Special Mosque

When the mosque was ready, there was a lot of controversy about its Imam. The emperor wanted that the Imams of this particular mosque should also be special. The Imam was searched for a long time, which ended in Bukhara, a small city in Uzbekistan.

A name for the Imam came from here and that was Sayyid Abdul Ghafur Shah!

Namaz was offered for the first time in Jama Masjid on 24 July 1656 under the Emami of Syed Abdul Ghafur Shah. On this day, Shah Jahan and all his courtiers along with the people of Delhi offered prayers in Jama Masjid for the first time.

The Mughal emperor gave the title of Imam-e-Sultanate to Imam Abdul Ghafoor. After this, only his family has been doing the Imamat of this mosque. Since Sayyid Abdul Gafoor was from Shah Bukhara, he started to put Bukhari with his name. Even today it continues unabated.

From that day onwards, till today the Imamat in the Jama Masjid of Delhi has been named after the Bukhari family. Sayyid Abdul Shakur became Imam after Sayyid Abdul Ghafur.

 This was followed by Syed Abdul Rahim, Syed Abdul Ghafoor, Syed Abdul Rahman, Syed Abdul Karim, Syed Mir Jeewan Shah, Syed Mir Ahmed Ali, Syed Mohammad Shah, Syed Ahmed Bukhari Imam.

Shah Jahan's dream came true
Slam Dharmawalambi who come here automatically get engaged in Ibadad. Because the mosque is decorated with intricate figures and poetic compositions of the Holy Book of the Quran very closely. There are many relics in this mosque, one of which is an ancient copy of the Quran.

It is placed at the northern door of the mosque. Also, Nabi's bearded hair, sandals and his footprints are implanted in marble blocks. There is an atmosphere of Ibadad around here, whose dream was seen by Shah Jahan.

Even today, in Juma, Goodbye, Eid, Eid-ul-Azha, more than 25 thousand people here offer Namaz. It is very crowded during the month of Ramadan. The members of the mosque, the arches, the Sehn dome are all luxurious.

This mosque is a living sign of grandeur. Its tower and rates Mughalia carving on the wall is so beautiful that it does not detract from it. The mosque has four gates, which double its glory even more.

Delhi's Life Line

Since the mosque is on a high hill, it is visible from a distance. This entire structure is about five feet high. So that its grand entrance can be seen from all the surrounding areas. The width of the stairs is much higher in the north and south.

Wide staircases and arched gateways are the features of this popular mosque. The prayer house of Jama Masjid is very beautiful. It has eleven arches, with the middle arch being somewhat larger than the others. The main entrance to the mosque is from the east side of the Red Fort, as it was also used by the emperors earlier. That is why the eastern gate of Jama Masjid opens only on Fridays.

If you go to Delhi, then visiting this historic Jama Masjid can give you an experience of bliss. It opens from 7 am to 12 noon and 1:30 pm to 6.30 pm. You can visit the mosque any day, but the entry of tourists is prohibited during worship.

You do not have to pay any kind of fee to visit the mosque, but you have to pay for doing photography.

Interesting Facts About Jama Masjid

If you go to Delhi then you will definitely want to see Jama Masjid. If you see this Jama Masjid, then only you will know about its historical part, importance and information. So let us know some such interesting things about Jama Masjid.

1. It took 12 years to build the mosque and nearly 5000 people had built it together, and it cost 1 million rupees to build it.

2. Jama Masjid of Delhi is the largest mosque in India.

3. This was the last architectural work of the Mughal ruler Shah Jahan, after which he did not construct any artistic building.

4. "Jama Masjid" means Friday Mosque.

5. 25000 people can pray together at the mosque at the same time. 

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